Wednesday, November 09, 2005


Who Will Be Resurected?

When asked about who will be physically resurrected, many respond that only those who trust in Christ will be raised. Perhaps they are thinking of resurrection to a pleasant end, and of course only Christ’s followers will enjoy that. However, the Bible teaches that all humans will experience resurrection.

In 2 Corinthians 5:1-9 Paul explains that our earthly body is like a garment or a tent in which we live now. Our ultimate existence is a heavenly body or a house built by God. The in-between existence is described as “nakedness,” not exactly desirable in itself, but still superior to our earthly condition. Verse 5 assures us that God made us for the express purpose of resurrection. The bodiless existence of people after death is only temporary.

With the possible exception of Enoch and Elijah (and certainly of Jesus) all humans in heaven prior to the resurrection are without bodies. It is inappropriate, then, to speak of them in physical terms. At Christian funerals you may hear well-intentioned nonsense like, “she is completely healed now,” or “he is singing and dancing with the angels.” Of course, this cannot be, though it would be true to say something like, “his sufferings are over,” or “she is with the Lord.”

Unbelievers who have died are bodiless and suffering, waiting for a resurrection. Resurrection for unbelievers is not to give them a second chance to believe but to give them a physical body for suffering eternally. “Man is destined to die once, and after that to face judgment” (Hebrews 9:27).

Though the resurrection times are different for believers and unbelievers, all will be raised. Daniel 12:2 says, “Multitudes who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake: some to everlasting life, others to shame and everlasting contempt.” John 5:28-29 quote Jesus’ words, “Do not be amazed at this, for a time is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice and come out—those who have done good will rise to live, and those who have done evil will rise to be condemned.” 1 Corinthians 15:22-23 assures us, “For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive. But each in his own turn.” Revelation 20:4-6 describe these two resurrections, separated by 1,000 years, “Blessed and holy are those who have part in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them.”

The Gospel message requires a belief in resurrection. Read the book of Acts with open eyes and notice what the Apostles taught.

The priests “were greatly disturbed because the apostles were teaching the people and proclaiming in Jesus the resurrection of the dead” (Acts 4:2). They were not merely proclaiming Jesus’ resurrection, but everyone’s. In Acts 17:18 the Athenians were curious that Paul was preaching “about Jesus and the resurrection.” In Acts 24:14-15 Paul defends his Gospel as consistent with the Law and the Prophets in affirming a “resurrection of both the righteous and the wicked.” In Acts 26:22-23 he says “I am saying nothing beyond what the prophets and Moses said would happen—that the Christ would suffer and, as the first to rise from the dead, would proclaim light to his own people and to the Gentiles.

The eternal state of all human beings is in a body. Contrary to other philosophies, the Bible presents our body to be part of our humanity, not a temporary burden or prison for the soul. We would not be fully human without bodies. And, there would be no Gospel without the resurrection, first of our Lord, and then of everyone. Let’s read with our eyes open.

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